All birds have feathers, although not all birds can fly. We associate feathers with flying, but some, like down, are also for insulation. Other feathers are just for decoration, such as crests and plumes.
Birds have backbones, however, birds have lighter sometimes hollow bones with gaps and air sacs to keep them lightweight making flight easier.
All birds have a beak, which is a keratin-covered horny projecting jaw. These beaks help with specific food that birds eat, and are also sometimes used as tools for drumming, preening, carrying, and even drilling. Their beaks can also be a powerful weapon, and they also help regulate their body temperature. Bird communication is a highly developed skill, and many bird species communicate vocally through elaborate songs and calls. They also make nonverbal noises that are part of their communication abilities. They use these abilities for parent-chick recognition, community cooperation, and territorial defense.
Birds are warm blooded, and they have a very high metabolism. They eat their weight daily and their food turns into usable energy quickly. They have high body temperatures.
Every bird has a wishbone that protects the chest cavity during wing beats. It protects their four-chambered heart, and other organs.
Birds lay eggs as part of their reproductive cycle. Eggs size, shape and markings as well as the number of eggs laid varies for each bird species.
All birds have wings, even those who don’t fly, have adapted wings that they use for swimming, protecting their territory, and courtship dances. Wings vary on whether the bird flies and how they fly. Migratory and non-migratory birds have great navigational skills. Some birds migrate thousands of miles to the same places each year. Birds that don’t migrate use their skills to visit the same food and nesting sites each year.
All birds have two legs, these legs have evolved to different shapes and lengths to suit their needs.
These are some of the ways that all birds are the same. With around 10,000 birds species we shall never tire of discovering the differences.
Source: The Flight of the Heron
Check out this spectacular heron puppet. The sky is the limit.
Stringing them along
Tintera’s puppets part of First Fridays production
September 1, 2016
by Kate Gienapp
Special to the Times
Bill Tintera often can be found in the company of pirates, parrots, stray dogs, turtles and other exotic creatures of the sea. They’re puppets, of course, but the adventure is still exciting. He has been mastering the precise pageantry and improvisation of puppets for more than 20 years.
“In 1987, we were in the (Crested Butte) Mountain Theatre and doing things there and somebody said, “Let’s do some strange things in the name of art, ” smiles Tintera.
Like many other creative endeavors, his love of puppets and performance started right here in the Gunnison Valley. Tintera has performed plays at the Eldo in Crested Butte, puppet shows for Vinotok, shows for children at the public library and even at the recent art fair in Crested Butte.
Tintera will perform “The Treasure of Coconut Island” at 6 p.m. in the courtyard of Gunnison Gallery as part of tomorrow night’s First Fridays ArtWalk & Music.
Puppets and marionettes can entertain many occasions — being both educational and festive — as well as many audiences, young and old.
“It’s another way to educate yourself about any subject you want, “ explains Tintera.
For example, Tintera performs a comical puppet show about a pirate and his parrot who are marooned on Coconut Island, but he also uses the show as an opportunity to teach about navigation, he explains.
“Nobody knows how to use a sextant but as a surveyor I’ve found out a couple things,” he laughs of an instrument used to measure angular distances between objects.
Although putting on a puppet show is slightly different than your average theater production, Tintera was up for the challenge.
The dialogue of puppets is different, for example, as compared to a play with people. Even though puppet shows are generally shorter, making it easy to memorize lines, Tintera prefers improvisational techniques.
“Usually I don’t use a script. I write an outline of the story and give that to the puppeteers, “he explains. “when you make up your own line you remember it.”
And Tintera not only performs the puppet shows, but he also makes the puppets himself. Combining the knowledge he has as wood carver and as a theater performer, puppeteer was a natural fit.
I like theater anyway, it uses all the arts, from painting the set to making the puppets to writing the script,” says Tintera.
Making marionettes requires several nuanced skills, such as knowing how to make a puppet that dances or one that walks, says Tintera.
A puppet that walks will be built with different hinges on its leg joints allowing for freer leg movements, he says.
Tintera also recently made a turtle puppet with fins that extend in and out to mimic an underwater adventure.
Another part of the fun is that puppets can get away with saying things that people can’t.
“Puppets can say more wild things than people would, even on stage, and then with animals you can even go farther, animals can say anything they want and everybody laughs, “ muses Tintera. “you can say things that wouldn’t ordinarily be said.”
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